History before 1865 - Elementary

Civil War

bombardment of Fort Sumter

From the Battle of Fort Sumter to Sherman’s March and Robert Smalls, South Carolina played a significant role in the American Civil War.

Expansion and Reform

Cotton Gin Patent Drawing

Learn more about the plantation system, politics, and culture of antebellum South Carolina.

Exploration and Colonization

Old Exchange and Provost Dungeon

Discover French, Spanish, and British colonies along the coast and find out how colonists explored, settled, and lived.

The Old Exchange and Provost Dungeon

The Old Exchange and Provost Dungeon in Charleston was completed in 1771 and has been called the “Independence Hall of South Carolina.” Explore the dungeon and find out who was jailed there during the Revolutionary War.

First South Carolinians

Cooking Fish

Meet the Native Americans who first called South Carolina home.

Revolution and New Nation

Statue of Thomas Sumter on the courthouse lawn in Sumter.

Soldiers, leaders, and statesmen from South Carolina were pivotal in our nation’s fight for independence.


Advertisement for the sale of 23 slaves

The cash crop economy of South Carolina relied on the slavery of African-Americans.