Exploration and Colonization - High School

House Museum at Middleton Place

 The House Museum at Middleton Place outside of Charleston was built by Henry Middleton in 1755. Image is courtesy of flickr user rethought.

Discover French, Spanish, and British colonies along the coast and find out how colonists explored, settled, and lived.

Primary Documents

People & Places

  • Charles Fort
    Watch this video of archaeologists working to discover the history of Charles Fort, the earliest French settlement in America.
  • Routes of South Carolina Explorers pdf
    This map shows the routes of 5 explorers that first came to South Carolina.
  • Francisco de Chicora
    Francisco de Chicora was an Indian slave from South Carolina who was brought back to Spain in 1521.
  • Blackbeard
    Learn the true story of the legendary pirate captain.
  • Eighteenth Century Overseers pdf
    Find out what archeologists have learned about life as an overseer in the 18th century.
  • The Walled City of Charleston pdf
    Did you know that Charleston used to have a thick wall around it for protection?
  • The Goose Creek Men
    The Goose Creek Men were a group of colonists that became leaders of the early Indian trade, and by the 1690s many held important offices in the colonial government.

Maps

Culture

paintingPolly Ouldfield of Winyah, ca. 1761 by Jeremiah Theus, a Swiss-born painter who moved to South Carolina around 1735. Image from the Smithsonian American Art Museum.

Nature

DISCUS Explore with Discus*

* Requires access to the Discus databases. Learn more here.

  • Back Country 
    Find out the history of the Back Country, or Up Country, of the colonies.
  • Dr. Henry Woodward 
    Dr. Henry Woodward was an early English settler and explorer who made several alliances with Indian tribes.
  • South Carolina Colonization 
    Read a quick history of the colonization of South Carolina, from the first French colony to the American Revolution.