History before 1865 - High School

Civil War

29th Regiment from Connecticut

From the Battle of Fort Sumter to Sherman’s March and Robert Smalls, South Carolina played a significant role in the American Civil War.

Expansion and Reform

John C. Calhoun

Learn more about the plantation system, politics, and culture of antebellum South Carolina.

Exploration and Colonization

House Museum at Middleton Place

Discover French, Spanish, and British colonies along the coast and find out how colonists explored, settled, and lived.

First South Carolinians

Issaqueena Falls

Meet the Native Americans who first called South Carolina home.

Revolution and New Nation

Fort Moultrie

Soldiers, leaders, and statesmen from South Carolina were pivotal in our nation’s fight for independence.

Fort Moultrie

Fort Moultrie on Sullivan’s Island was built to protect Charleston. The fort was built with logs from palmetto trees that helped absorb cannon fire, which inspired our state flag.


Detail of Large group of slaves

The cash crop economy of South Carolina relied on the slavery of African Americans.