Medical science was just beginning to be understood at the onset of the Civil War. Germs were unheard of, and surgery techniques had not been improved since the early 1800’s. Hospitals were rarely used since most sickness was treated at home. Medicines were primitive and in many cases prescribed on an experimental basis. The most common diseases were typhoid, typhus, measles, mumps, smallpox, and malaria. The main causes for so many deaths from disease were due to poor diet, hygiene, and sanitation.
All Lesson Plans
This lesson is based on the National Register of Historic Places documentation for “The Stockade” and “Florence National Cemetery,” part of the “Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS;" and on archival and archeological research sponsored by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, National Cemetery Administration (NCA), conducted by archeologists with MACTEC Engineering and Consulting, Inc. (MACTEC).
Objectives for Students:
1) To describe the equipment and supplies available to the guards at the Florence Stockade and the conditions they experienced in their camp.
2) To compare and contrast conditions for the prisoners inside the stockade with those of the guards outside its walls.
3) To describe the archeological methods used to investigate the campground.
4) To discuss how archeological data influences the historical record.
5) To compare the experience of women in the Civil War to women who have served in more recent wars.
In this lesson, students will read a primary source document from Documenting the American South and examine a painting by Jacob Lawrence to understand the conditions of the underground railroad before the Civil War. Students will then create a painting and a narrative related to the underground railroad.
This is an educators guide for use in the classroom as a resource to teaching the Holocaust, which includes information on SC and Columbia survivors.
Students will explore the biotic and abiotic characteristics of the intertidal zone.
A short activity book to help young learners find out about runoff pollution from a fish's point of view. (grades 2 – 5)
This activity provides an interactive look at photography from the Civil War. Participants examine a set of photographs and later place those shots into the historical context of the Civil War.
Political leaders and parties in the tense time after the Civil War proposed various plans for Reconstruction. By observing artwork of this period, students will learn how these plans affected the South (and North) and relationships between people of different races and geographic regions.
Students will analyze photographs taken in Charleston, SC, during the Civil War years, 1861-1865. The photographs are from the American Memory Project of the Library of Congress.