Civil War - Middle School

Ruins of Columbia, SC

 Ruins seen from the capitol after Sherman’s March through Columbia. S.C., 1865. Photographed by George N. Barnard. 165-SC-53. Image from the National Archives and Records Administration.

From the Battle of Fort Sumter to Sherman’s March and Robert Smalls, South Carolina played a significant role in the American Civil War.


  • SCIWAY-Civil War
    Find out about Civil War soldiers from South Carolina, battlefields such as Fort Sumter, and more.
  • The Civil War Soldier
    What was life as a soldier like in 1863?
  • Odds of a Soldier
    Find out what the odds of a soldier were of being killed in action, dying disease, and being captured by the enemy.
    • Civil War Statistics
      Learn more about the men who fought in the Civil War including average weight, age, hair color, pre-war occupations, and more
  • Civil War Maps
    Discover maps of South Carolina, battlefields, and other maps from the Civil War era.
  • A House Divided: America in the Age of Lincoln
    Learn more about the issues America faced during the Civil War era, including the war, the slavery debate, and the aftermath.


A Unionist, a Cooperationist, and a Secessionist

  • Unionist: Benjamin F. Perry
    Benjamin Perry spoke out against secession, believing that secession would hurt slavery more than the federal government.
  • Cooperationist: Franklin J. Moses, Sr.
    Franklin J. Moses, a state senator, believed that the Southern states needed to have a coordinated action, calling for a Southern convention to address the issue of secession.
  • Secessionist: John Henry Hammond
    Senator John Henry Hammond was an ardent supporter of slavery and of immediate secession.


  • Burt-Stark House
    Watch this movie learn more about the Burt-Stark Mansion in Abbeville, SC which held the last council of war of the Confederacy.
  • Fort Sumter
    Explore the history of this famous fort in Charleston, where the first shots of Civil War were heard.
  • Civil War Related Places in South Carolina
    Find out more about places in South Carolina that have Civil War history.

War & Battlefields

Confederate Submarine H.L. HunleyDrawing of the Confederate Submarine H.L. Hunley. Courtesy of the Navy Art Collection, Washington, DC.


Pieces of History

Images of the War

Palmetto flagOn April 14th 1861, men of the 18th South Carolina regiment raised this Palmetto flag over Fort Sumter, starting the Civil War.

For the first time, photographers could capture the battlefields and lives of soldiers as it happened

DISCUS Explore with Discus*

* Requires access to the Discus databases. Learn more here.

  • Nullification Crisis 
    Read about the tension between Southern states and the federal government, leading to an Ordinance of Nullification by South Carolina that allowed Southern states to nullify federal laws that were considered unconstitutional.
  • Grimke Sisters 
    Sarah and Angelina Grimke were sisters from Charleston that became ardent supporters of the abolitionist movement.
  • Mary Boykin Chesnut 
    Mary Boykin Chesnut kept a diary of her experiences during the Civil War that was published after her death.