Exploration and Colonization - Middle School


Image of indigo plant by flickr user museumdetoulouse.

Discover French, Spanish, and British colonies along the coast and find out how colonists explored, settled, and lived.


Come learn more about the French and Spanish Colonial landmarks on what is now Parris Island. This island has been home to Charlesfort (1562-1563) and Santa Elena (1566-1587) as well as Native American settlements and British plantations.

Circle of Inheritance

  • A Struggle for Power
    Learn about early Spanish settlements and Charles Town Landing.
  • Carolina Medley
    Watch this history of Charles Town and the influences of Barbadians, Scots, French Huguenots, and Germans.
  • A World Apart
    Discover more about growth of the rest of the state as a Royal Colony, the dominance of the Anglican parishes, and colonial life at the start of the Revolution.




Slavery & The Stono Rebellion

Relations with Native Americans

map of CharlestonCharleston, South Carolina, 1671. From the Report on the Social Statistics of Cities, George E. Waring, Jr., 1887. Courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.

DISCUS Explore with Discus*

* Requires access to the Discus databases. Learn more here.

  • South Carolina Colonization 
    Read about the first explorers of South Carolina and the Spanish, French, and British colonies that were formed.
  • Cherokee Wars and Treaties 
    Learn more about the series of wars throughout the Southern Colonies that led to tribes losing land to the colonists.
  • Yamasee War 
    The Yamasee War in 1715 was fought between Native Americans and British colonists in South Carolina.