Martin Robison Delany. Image from Biography.
(1812-1885) Martin Robison Delany was an abolitionist, journalist, physician, soldier, and writer. He is credited with the Pan-African slogan of "Africa for Africans." After the Civil War, he moved to South Carolina, where he became involved with the Freedmen's Bureau and the Colored Conventions Movement. Delany ran unsuccessfully for Lieutenant Governor as an Independent Republican. He later switched his party affiliation and worked for the campaign of Wade Hampton III, who won the 1879 election for governor.